In the twentieth century the world's population has tripled. During this same period the consumption of fresh water has increased seven times, including at the municipal and drinking water - 13 times. With this rise in consumption it's shortage of water resources in many regions of the world. According to the UN, about one-third of the world's population lives in countries suffering from a lack of clean water, less than 20 years two thirds of humanity will live in countries with water shortages. Water quality problems are no less serious than the problem of availability but it has received comparatively little attention. Microbial and viral contamination of drinking water both centralized and decentralized water supply creates the risk of disease in populations. This is especially true for densely populated areas and areas of large industrial enterprises and agricultural complexes. Ubiquitous anthropogenic factor changes the order of things and in our rich water resources.
TPU Research Areas
New technology of water deionisation (desalination);
Development of membrane technology, design of target property membranes. Advancement of electrochemical technology and carrying out of comprehensive research ondeionization triggered by electric and magnetic fields (on the basis of hydromagnetic effect).
Beam plasma and radiation technology of decontamination of natural and waste waters;
Development of decontamination technology for both water treatment and waste water purification to prevent contagious, parasitic diseases and inverminations with application of beam plasma, electric-pulse and radiation technologies.
Electric-pulse technology of water treatment for public water supply;
Elaboration of principles of creating complex models (systems) of sustainable use of water resources for the benefit of all consumer groups based on theory of co-evolution of natural and natural-engineering systems and wide use of modern methods of modelling of comprehensive water consumption systems and mathematical modelling of hydrogeological and hydrological processes.
Ecological monitoring of natural and waste waters
Advancement of methods of chemical analysis of natural and waste waters. Design of portable systems of monitoring environmental hazards caused by water media discharge. Design of automated systems of remote monitoring performance of water purifying facilities.
Developments and Projects
- Economical, small-size, high-capacity processing units on the basis of low-temperature plasma intended for waste water purification.
- Composite adsorbent for natural and industrial water purification from radioactive and microbiological contamination.
- Manufacturing site units for water treatment and purification, which developed by polytechnics, «Geyser ТМ», «Aerozon», «Impulse» etc, which actively used in different settlement and in industrial units of Tomsk and Kemerovo regions, Yamal-Nenets and Khanty-Mansiysk autonomous regions, Altai region etc.
Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (Germany), Lappeenranta University of Technology (Finland), University of East Anglia (UK), Vienna University of Technology (Austria).